With Vermont leading the way, US maple syrup production in 2009 totaled 2.33 million gallons, up 22 percent from 2008 and the highest on record since 1944. The number of taps is estimated at 8.65 million, 4 percent above the 2008 total of 8.33 million. Yield per tap is estimated to be 0.269 gallons, up 17 percent from the previous season. Vermont led all states in production with 920,000 gallons an increase of 30 percent from 2008 and the highest on record since 1944. Vermont produced more than a third of the national total.
Production in Maine reached a record high 395,000 gallons, up 65 percent from last year. Production in New York, at 362,000 gallons, increased 10 percent from 2008. Production in Wisconsin, at 200,000 gallons, is the highest on record and 33 percent above 2008. In Michigan, production is estimated to be 115,000 gallons. This is the highest on record since 1947 and 10 percent above 2008. In New Hampshire, production is estimated to be 94,000 gallons, down 1 percent from last season. Production in Pennsylvania, at 92,000 gallons, is 8 percent below 2008. In Ohio, production is estimated to be 90,000 gallons, down 10 percent from 2008. Production in Massachusetts, at 46,000 gallons, decreased 29 percent from last season. In Connecticut, production is estimated to be 13,000 gallons, down 32 percent from 2008.
Canada produces the world's most maple syrup at around 6 million gallons, with Quebec producing about 90 percent of that total.
Temperatures were reported to be mostly favorable in all States except Pennsylvania. Producers in Pennsylvania experienced weather fluctuations and reported temperatures that were mostly too warm for sap flow. On average, the season lasted 28 days compared with 30 days last year. In most States, the season started later than last year. The earliest sap flow reported was January 15 in Pennsylvania. The latest sap flow reported was May 1 in New Hampshire.
Sugar content of the sap for 2009 was down from the previous year. On average, approximately 43 gallons of sap were required to produce one gallon of syrup. This compares with 39 gallons in 2008 and 45 gallons in 2007. The majority of the syrup produced in each State this year was medium to dark in color with the exception of Maine.
The 2008 U.S. average price per gallon was $40.50, up $7.70 from the 2007 price of $32.80. The U.S. value of production, at $77.5 million for 2008, was up 55 percent from the previous season. This is the result of an increase in price and production from 2007. Value of production increased in all 10 maple syrup estimating States.
New England (excluding Rhode Island): New England s maple syrup production in 2009 totaled 1,468,000 gallons, up 30 percent from last year. Vermont remained the largest producing State in New England and the Nation, with 40 percent of the Nation s maple syrup. Taps in New England totaled 5.2 million, up three percent from last year and accounted for 60 percent of the Nation s maple taps.
The 2009 maple season was rated mostly favorable in temperature, causing production increases in two of the five New England States. Temperatures were reported to be 67 percent favorable, 17 percent too warm and 16 percent too cool. Many operators in Massachusetts and southern New Hampshire were hit hard by the December ice storm with some producers deciding to sit out the season and others taking a loss in production. The season started off cold and then warmed up quickly. This meant a very short season for all the States. However, producers in New Hampshire,
Vermont, and Maine experienced more consistent and steadier sap flows with Maine hitting an all time high production level and Vermont reaching it s highest since 1944.
Earliest dates for sap collection for each State were
Vermont - January 27, Massachusetts January
28, Connecticut February 1, New Hampshire February
12, and Maine February 17. Closing dates for sap
collection for each State were as follows: Massachusetts
April 15, Connecticut April 25, Maine April 30, Vermont
April 30, and New Hampshire May 1.
The sugar content of the sap was below average, requiring approximately 44 gallons of sap to produce a gallon of syrup. The majority of syrup produced was medium amber followed by dark amber and then light amber.
2008 PRICES AND SALES:
Across New England, the average equivalent price per gallon for 2008 maple syrup varied widely depending on the percentage sold retail, wholesale, or bulk. The 2008 all sales equivalent price per gallon in Connecticut averaged $61.60, up $7.70. Maine averaged $36.80, up $6.70; New Hampshire averaged $52.30, up $5.50; and Vermont averaged $39.20, up $10.10 (the 2008 total value was $27.8 million). In Massachusetts, the price averaged $45.80, down $0.30. Vermont and Maine s prices continue to be lower than the other States because of the high percentage of bulk sales sold in these States. Bulk prices continue to increases in 2008. New England s 2008 gallon equivalent
price of $40.55 reflects an increase of $10.03 from the 2007 price of $31.52.
SEE ATTACHED TABLES
Source: USDA. June 12, 2009
Maple Statistics 2009.pdf141.21 KB